The Study of L1 Interference on English Compositions Made by Eighth Graders

Maulida Yuniswati


This study is aimed to find out the kinds of lexical and grammatical errors
caused by L1 interference or negative transfer of the mother tongue in writing compositions made by eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 13 Malang and the frequency of occurrence of errors. The focus of this study was identifying, describing, and classifying grammatical and lexical errors in students writing. Therefore, descriptive qualitative was considered appropriate for the design of the study. The subjects were 39 eighth grade students in 8A Class in the second semester of 2008-2009 academic years. The instrument used to collect the data was the students’ writing tasks. The result shows that there 586 errors resulting
from L1 interference were found from 78 compositions. Some categories of errors in Kwary and Sugiri could not be applied to the data, such as, if clause, embedded question, comparison, conjunction, and word class. No sentences containing those categories of errors were found in the data. However, the researcher developed another category of errors that are not mentioned in the classification scheme by Kwary and Sugiri, that is, clause without subject that makes up 2.56% of all errors.


L1 Interference, compositions



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