Muhammad Chabib Ichsan, Insan Wijaya


Keitt mangga (Mangifera indica) pohon disemprot dengan tiga bahan kaolin, magnesium karbonat, dan calamine pada tiga konsentrasi (3, 4, dan 5)% masing-masing untuk mencegah cedera dari sengatan matahari pada buah-buah mangga yang menyebabkan kerugian ekonomi. Semua perawatan yang diterapkan sekali selama musim dua  musim  panas  dalam  penelitian  ini  dan  ketiga  bahan  semprot  tersebut  dibandingkan  dengan  kontrol (penyemprotan air saja) untuk mempelajari efek ketiga bahan semprot tersebut terhadap keterbakaran oleh matahari sehingga mengakibatkan penurunan prosentase buah, hasil, dan kualitas buah mangga. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penyemprotan kaolin atau magnesium karbonat 5% memiliki efek positif pada pengurangan daerah kulit yang terbakar sinar matahari dan penurunan prosentase buah. Efek ini jelas terdeteksi dengan kaolin diikuti oleh magnesium karbonat pada kondisi penelitian yang dilakukan.


Kata kunci: Kaolin, magnesium karbonat, kalamin, terbakar sinar matahari, hasil, kualitas buah, keitt mangga.

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)


A.O.A.C, 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. The Association of official analytical chemists. Artlington, West Virginia, USA 15th Ed. Washington D.C.

Abd El-Kader, A.M., M.M.S. Saleh., M.A. Ali, 2006.

Effect of soil moisture levels and some antitranspirants on vegetative growth, leaf mineral content, yield and fruit quality of Williams banana plants. J. Appl. Sci. Res., 2:


Blanke, M.M. and D.H. Lenz, 1989. Fruit photosynthesis. Plant Cell Environ., 12: 31-46.

Bruke, J.J. and K.A. Orzech, 1988. The heat chock response in higher plants: a biochemical model. Plant Cell Environ., 11: 441-444.

Demmig-Adams, B., W.W. Adams, B.A. Logan and A.S. Verhoeven, 1995. Xanthophyll cycle- dependent energy dissipation and flexible photo-system II. efficiency in plants acclimated to light stress. Austral. J. Plant Physiol., 22: 249-260.

FAOSTAT, 2011. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (FAO). FAOSTAT

Gindaba, J. and S.J.E. Wand, 2005. Comparative effect of evaporative cooling, Koalin particle

film, and shade net on sunburn and fruit quality in apples. HortScience, 40: 592-596.

Glenn D.M., E. Prado, A. Erez, J. McFerson and G.

Puterka, 2002. A reflective, processed-Kaolin

particle film affects fruit temperature, radiation reflection and solar injury in apple. J. Amer. Soc. Hort., 127: 188-193.

Jones, H.G., 1981. Carbon dioxide exchange of developing apple (Malus pumila Mill.) fruits. J. Expt. Bot., 32: 1203-1210.

Kerr, J.B. and C.T. McElroy, 1993. Evidence for

large upward trends of UV-B radiation linked to ozon depletion. Science, 262: 1032-1034.

Ma, F. and L. Cheng, 2003. The sun-exposed peel of apple fruit has higher Xanthophyll cycle- dependent energy dissipation and antioxidants of the ascorbate-glutathione pathway than the shaded peel. Plant Sci., 165: 819-827.

Merzlyak, M.N. and A.E. Solovchenecko, 2002.

Patterns of pigment changes in apple fruits during adaptation to high sunlight and sunscald

development. Plant Biochem. & physiol., 40:


Müller, P., X.P. Li and K.K. Niyogi, 2001.

Nonphotochemical quenching. Aresponse to

excess light energy. Plant Physiol., 125: 1558-

Olando, C.T., R.J. Schnell, W.E. Quintanilia and R.J.

Campbell, 2005. Pedigree analysis of Florida

mango cultivars. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc.,

: 192-197.

Parchomchuk, P. and M. Meheriuk, 1996. Orchard cooling with pulsed over tree irrigation to prevent sunburn and improve fruit quality of

'Jonagold' apples. HortScience, 31: 802-804.

Ritenour, M.A.S. Kochhar, L.E. Schrader, T.P. Hsu and M.S.B. Ku, 2001. Characterization of heat shock protein expression in apple peel under field and laboratory conditions. J. Amer. Soc. Hort., 126: 564-570.

Schrader, L., J. Zhang and J. Sun, 2003.

Environmental stress that caused sunburn of

apple. Acta Hort., 618: 397- 405.

Schupp, J., E. Fallahi and I.J. Chun, 2002. Effect of surround particle film on fruit sunburn, maturity and quality of ‘Fuji’ and ‘Honeycrisp’ apples. New York Fruit Quarterly, 10: 9-11.

Solovchenko, A.E. and M. Schmitz-Eiberger, 2003.

Significant of skin flavonoids for UV-B

protection in apple fruits. J. Expt. Bot., 54:



  • There are currently no refbacks.